The macromycetes are considered the main constituents lizard king mushrooms of traditional and epicure dishes, as well as excellent companions of innumerous forms of medication. Although toxic and murderous species continue to be considered a trouble, the reality is that occurrences of death and poisoning are many and rare compared to the diurnal and safe consumption of wild species.
Some societies, advertising and artistic styles continue to spread fear in this regard. This occurs more constantly in developed countries and has led to the wide belief that global consumption of HCS occurs on a small scale and is confined to areas where its presence is most abundant.
HCS have been collected and consumed by people for thousands of times. China appears preponderantly in the literal record of this group of organisms, who have appreciated numerous species over the centuries, not only for their nutritive and flavor parcels, but also for their mending parcels.
moment China is the leader in exports of cultivated mushrooms.
Archaeological records reveal HCS species associated with Chilean populations from,000 times agone. They were also collected in timbers in ancient Greek and Roman times, being appreciated more by high- ranking people than by the general population.
The use of mushrooms in the diet of mortal beings has prevailed due to their characteristic taste and smell. still, in recent times the interest in HCS has boosted, since they constitute an important source of nutrients.
They’ve a chemical composition that makes them seductive from a nutritive point of view.
In general, they contain 90 water and 10 dry matter, of which 27- 48 are protein, roughly 60 correspond to carbohydrates, especially salutary filaments( D- glucans, chitin and pectic substances) and 2- 8 are lipids, among which linoleic acid stands out.
The high protein content,( 15 to 35 dry weight), reflects beliefs that mushrooms are an effective cover for meat, although not all wild mushrooms contain high quantities of protein.
its nutritive value can be compared to that of numerous factory species. The mineral content in comestible mushrooms varies between 6 and 11 depending on the species; those that appear in lesser volume are calcium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc and bobby.In terms of vitamin content, comestible mushrooms are rich in riboflavin( B2), niacin( B3), and folate( B9)( 15).
Nutritive AND MEDICINAL VALUE
On the other hand, macromycetes produce secondary metabolites similar as phenolic composites, carotenoid colors and ergosterol that reduce the threat of constricting conditions, especially cancer or cardiovascular diseases.
Polyphenols are chemical composites that have effective antioxidant exertion in natural systems( 18), also act asanti-inflammatory agents and against cell aging, and intrude with the inauguration and progression of cancer( 21).
Mushrooms have transcended beyond myths, stories and legends; they’re presented as a culinary eventuality in numerous countries, through the incarnation of colorful products and dishes. bitsy fungi on the one hand, with the product of rubbish, chuck.
some industrialized drinks similar as wine. But the HCS are still the base in the elaboration of innumerous dishes, from the traditional to the most fantastic ( 22). Unlike other foods, they’re distinguished by their colorful shapes, aromas, colors, flavors, textures and sizes.
Eating HCS has multiple aspects, since unlike other foods, it’s about organisms that only grow in the stormy season, in certain ecosystems and specific places and that also implies a deep recognition of safe species.
The morphological and nutritive characteristics of some of the most valued comestible species for mortal consumption are described below.